問1 The citizen scientists in Paragraph(1) (  ).

① compare their data with that of other volunteers

② earn some money for the information they gather

③ monitor the life cycles of insects in laboratories

④ report on their results or activities to professionals


問2 The word burgeoning in Paragraph(2) is closest in meaning to (  ).

① causing arguments

② increasing rapidly

③ losing popularity

④ receiving awards


問3 Why does the author emphasize an 80% success rate in Paragraph(4)?

① To contrast negatively with the adults’ success rate

② To demonstrate the high quality of the overall results

③ To emphasize how many types of crabs there are

④ To reveal the elementary students’ lack of skills


問4 What personal view is expressed in Paragraph(6)?

① Eventually, scientific knowledge will come mainly from amateurs.

② Not enough scientists appreciate the advantages of citizen science.

③ The recent shift toward relying on volunteer data is disappointing.

④ Too many studies using citizen science are now being conducted.


問5 What is the author’s main message in this article?

① Citizen science benefits volunteers, professionals, and society.

② Scientific research should be left in the hands of specialists.

③ There is a long history of volunteers identifying fish species.

④ Traditional science has been replaced by citizen science.


問6 次の表は,本文の段落と内容をまとめたものである。1~4に入れるのに最も適当なものを,下の①~④のうちから一つずつ選び,表を完成させよ。ただし,同じものを繰り返し選んではいけない。

① Concerns: Volunteer skills and knowledge

② Evidence: Successful volunteer efforts

③ Explanation: Definition and history

④ Opinion: Merits for everyone involved



【正答】

問1 ④ 問2 ② 問3 ② 問4 ② 問5

問6 1③ 2① 3② 4④

出典:センター2015本試験 - 大問6

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