問1 According to Paragraph (1), which of the following statements is true?

① Nancy had guessed that the visiting team was likely to win.

② Nancy had intentionally tried to fool her friend.

③ Nancy had mistakenly recalled what she said.

④ Nancy had successfully anticipated which team would win.


問2 What view is expressed by the author in Paragraph (3)?

① Hindsight bias can make us too sure of our abilities.

② People with hindsight bias are careful decision makers.

③ Predicting the future is a skill only a few people develop.

④ We need to have confidence when investing in companies.


問3 According to Paragraph (4), which of the following statements is true?

① The doctor accepts blame for insufficient medical skills.

② The doctor finds some serious symptoms, but ignores them.

③ The patient remembers that the first X-ray showed a problem.

④ The patient unfairly criticizes the doctor for carelessness.


問4 The word myopia in Paragraph (5) means (  ).

① a mental attitude that restricts our view of the possibilities

② a personal tendency preventing us from making up our minds

③ a physical state where we can see things from a distance

④ a situation that forces us to make a responsible decision


問5 What is the main point of this article?

① Hindsight bias gives us a negative impression of ourselves.

② It is easy for us to remove hindsight bias from our daily lives.

③ Our judgment is drastically improved by hindsight bias.

④ We need to recognize hindsight bias in ourselves and others.


問6 次の表は,本文の段落と内容をまとめたものである。1~4に入れるのに最も適当なものを,下の①~④のうちから一つずつ選び,表を完成させよ。ただし,同じものを繰り返し選んではいけない。

① Concerns: Impact on our self-perception

② Recommendations: Thinking more rationally

③ Specific case: Focusing on one reason exclusively

④ Specific case: Wrongly estimating how much someone knew





【正答】
問1 ③ 問2 ① 問3 ④ 問4 ① 問5

問6 1① 2④ 3③ 4②

出典:センター2015追試験 - 大問6

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