問1 According to Paragraph (1), which of the following statements is true?
① Nancy had guessed that the visiting team was likely to win.
② Nancy had intentionally tried to fool her friend.
③ Nancy had mistakenly recalled what she said.
④ Nancy had successfully anticipated which team would win.
問2 What view is expressed by the author in Paragraph (3)?
① Hindsight bias can make us too sure of our abilities.
② People with hindsight bias are careful decision makers.
③ Predicting the future is a skill only a few people develop.
④ We need to have confidence when investing in companies.
問3 According to Paragraph (4), which of the following statements is true?
① The doctor accepts blame for insufficient medical skills.
② The doctor finds some serious symptoms, but ignores them.
③ The patient remembers that the first X-ray showed a problem.
④ The patient unfairly criticizes the doctor for carelessness.
問4 The word myopia in Paragraph (5) means ( ).
① a mental attitude that restricts our view of the possibilities
② a personal tendency preventing us from making up our minds
③ a physical state where we can see things from a distance
④ a situation that forces us to make a responsible decision
問5 What is the main point of this article?
① Hindsight bias gives us a negative impression of ourselves.
② It is easy for us to remove hindsight bias from our daily lives.
③ Our judgment is drastically improved by hindsight bias.
④ We need to recognize hindsight bias in ourselves and others.
① Concerns: Impact on our self-perception
② Recommendations: Thinking more rationally
③ Specific case: Focusing on one reason exclusively
④ Specific case: Wrongly estimating how much someone knew
問1 ③ 問2 ① 問3 ④ 問4 ① 問5 ④
問6 1① 2④ 3③ 4②出典：センター2015追試験 - 大問6